Television club connoisseurs “What? Where? When?” celebrates 40 years

The date of birth of the popular television game “What? Where? When?” officially considered to September 4, 1975, when the air went out of its first issue.

The idea of ​​the game belongs to the director, TV presenter Vladimir Voroshilov.

The essence of the game “What? Where? When?” It is in opposition to the team of experts of the six-person team of TV viewers. Experts answer questions - verbal puzzles that require logical thinking and, often, knowledge of history, literature, mathematics and science, which are sent to the program by mail (and in recent years, and on the internet) viewers.

The team of experts to find the right answer for a minute. For each correct answer gets one point the experts, in the case of an incorrect response team points accrued viewers. The game is played up to six points.
Initially, the game was called “Family Quiz” What? Where? When? “, The first issue of which was attended by two teams - the family of Ivanov and the family Kuznetsov from Moscow. The game consisted of two rounds, who starred at home each of the families. Teams was set on 11 questions. The two story connected by one with the help of photos of the family Album Ivanov and Kuznetsova.

Over time, the rules, prizes and changed the name of the club. In 1976, the family quiz “What? Where? When?” turned into a television youth club “What? Where? When?”. The first players were students of Moscow State University. The game has a top, through which chooses not to question and charge the player. Minutes of discussion was not there, the players answered questions directly, without preparation. Each participant plays for himself.

The very first question was invented by Voroshilov, and then when the game became known, began to take questions from the audience. The answer to the question got a prize - a book who answered the seven questions received the main prize - a set of books.

Answers players evaluated honorary members of the jury - academician of AMS of the USSR Hovhannes Baroyan, corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences Vitaly Gol’danskii, writer Daniil Danin.

Vladimir Voroshilov at that time was not allowed to appear in the frame, so the first lead of the game was Maslyakov Alexander, who spent one game. In 1976, the transmission went on the air once - 24 April.

In 1977, the lead in the frame changed four voice-overs, which included Vladimir Voroshilov and employees of the youth edition of DH journalists Andrey Menshikov and Svetlana Berdnikov and geologist Zoe Arapova. Voroshilov was the main host of the game, the rest of the voices sounded letters viewers.

In 1977 he became the first top letters indicate the viewers, not the responsible players and the game has a minute discussion. Each correct answer brought a prize-book to the general fund participants in the game. If the members of the club lost the issue, all six players to change. In the same year the club there was a tradition to hand over the prize for the best question of the viewer, and in the room there was a living symbol of the transmission - Tommy owl.

4 September 2015

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